Process Theories of Motivation: How You Are Really Motivated.

Isn’t it truly magical, when you get that sudden spurt of motivation and you almost feel like you could defeat the world in that moment? That’s pretty much your brain coming back to it’s senses – a phenomenon which many psychologists have spent years on studying, and which now comes under the theories of motivation, and more specifically, it’s process theories.

So what are Process Theories of Motivation? These theories aim to study how exactly does motivation occur in an individual.

Despite the popular belief of every student, motivation doesn’t just magically appear at three in the morning and disappear by first light. Its actually much more simple and yet complicated at the same time. For years, psychologist and theorists have struggled trying to point out the what and the how of motivation, and now finally, we have our answers.

We have complied together a detailed discussion on the four most basic of the Process Theories of Motivation, under the very intriguing topic of Motivation in Psychology. The theories include:

  1. B.F. Skinner’s Reinforcement Theory or Operant Conditioning.
  2. Adam’s Equity Process Theory of Motivation.
  3. Vroom’s Expectancy Process Theory of Motivation.
  4. The Carrot and Stick Approach in Motivation.


1) Skinner’s Reinforcement Process Theory of Motivation:

Many of us may remember this theory in Behaviorism, however, it also plays a huge role in the Process Motivation Theory. The psychologist, Skinner, in his study found that motivation occurs in an individual through two elements: Reinforcement and Punishment.

In the simplest of terms, Reinforcement was the desirable element provided to an individual in the case of performance, while Punishment was the undesirable element provided to an individual in the case of non-performance. Both these elements have their own further sub-types: Positive and Negative Reinforcement, and Positive and Negative Punishment.

Positive Reinforcement is when the individual is rewarded with something desirable when a task is achieved, while Negative Reinforcement is when something undesirable is eradicated from the individual in the case of performance.


Positive Reinforcement Negative Reinforcement
A child being awarded with a slice of cake after he completes his homework. A youngster being exempted from washing the dishes after getting a good score on a test.

At the same time, Positive Punishment is when something undesirable is given to an individual if they fail to complete a task, while Negative Punishment is when something desirable is taken away from the individual at the case of non-performance.


Positive Punishment Negative Punishment
A child made to shovel snow if he fails to do his homework. A child being grounded after he fails to do his homework.

In essence, we can understand how a person will be motivated to achieve a goal if he expects reward in the end (in case of Reinforcement), or if he fears a punishment in the case of non-performance. Thus, the person experiences motivation and achieves the desired goal.


2) Adam’s Equity Process Theory of Motivation:

This process theory of motivation in Psychology, focuses on the exchange relationships of effort and reward. As we have previously discussed, reward is one of the key elements for a person’s motivation, however, there too is a catch. Adam talks of three kinds of exchange relationships, where in the equal one, the strongest motivation can be observed.

   a) Overpaid Inequity:

In this type of exchange relationship, the person’s effort into the performance (input) is less than the reward after completion i.e. salary (output). This can seriously effect the moral values of the individual, and in turn, lessen their motivation.

   b) Underpaid Inequity:

In this second type, an individual’s effort (input) is more than the reward after completion (output). Since reward is a great motivating force, it can seriously hinder a person’s motivation if they feel that their reward is not worth their effort. In popular belief, this type is the most demotivating.

   c) Equity:

In this final type, the person’s effort (input) is equal to the reward after completion (output). Here, motivation can be observed acting at it’s finest as there is no factor remaining to hinder it.


3) Vroom’s Expectancy Process Theory of Motivation:

Vroom’s study in the process motivation theories, highlight conscious choices, i.e. an individual selects a course of action over a different one, with the expectation that this choice will grant him a desired result. Vroom talks of three factors or elements which help us make the said conscious choice:

a) Expectancy.

b) Instrumentality.

c) Valance.

Expectancy is the belief of a person that better effort will grant him a better performance at the task. Vroom lists 3 factors that affect this element:

  • The individual having the right material to perform the task.
  • The individual possessing the right skills to perform the task.
  • The individual being granted the right supervision for support in the performance of the task.

Instrumentality is the belief of a person that they will be rewarded after performance. This element is affected by factors which include:

  • A clear and easy understanding between the job and the reward.
  • The proper means or rules to attaining the reward.
  • Transparency of the whole process.

Valance is the last element. It is the personal importance an individual places on the reward. A higher importance will lead to a higher motivation to perform the task efficiently.


4) The Carrot and Stick Approach:

This theory in the process theories of motivation, was presented well back during the Industrial Revolution. It states to reward the individual in case of performance and give punishments in case of non-performance.

It basically took the example of a donkey; in front of it, you give it a carrot if it moves forward, and if it fails to do so (non-performance), you hit it with a small stick so that it would move forward again. In essence, we can say that the person is motivated due to the reward, and if they fail to perform, the punishment has them reverting back to the alternative choice and thus, performance is observed.


Now that we know the reality of how motivation works; free from any and all magic, we can probably manipulate our our own brain into more of those “magical” moments.



Slacking Off & Yielding To Misery? Here Is Your Motivation.

Ever felt that you were seriously slacking off of tasks? Or how about moments when you felt at such a loss of motivation, that you succumbed to those barely working, short-term fixes? We’ve been there too. But worry not, because we’ve gathered around the most basic of the long-term fixing: theories of motivation.

Motivation is described as a driving force or energy which pushes the individual to work towards the achievement of a goal. It is a product of a need’s demand for satisfaction in an individual.

However, due to individual differences, the whole of the human race cannot benefit from just one method of motivation. And so, through decades of extensive research, many psychologist and theorists presented the world of modern psychology with different and varying motivation theories.

These theories of motivation play a significant role in Motivational Psychology today.


Categorization of Theories of Motivation

Motivational theories are divided into two parts: Content Theories and Process Theories.

Content Theories of Motivation:

Content theories basically deals with what factors influence a person’s motivation. Here are the most basic content theories of motivation in motivational psychology:


1) Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs:

In his five-story pyramid, Maslow highlights different stages or levels of needs in the context of motivation, with the bottom-most being the most pressing need which demands to be satisfied immediately.


Self-Actualization: Personal Growth and Fulfillment.
Esteem Needs: Respect, Confidence, Status and Reputation.
Social Needs: Belonging, Trust and Acceptance.
Safety Needs: Security and Stability.
Physiological Needs: Shelter, Food, Water, Air.


According to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory, a person stuck on the first level of the pyramid – Physiological/Basic Needs – will only strive to, and be motivated to fulfill these demands rather than caring for the satisfaction of the needs in the levels above. After the person is satisfied in relation to all his needs and wants present in the pyramid, he is Self-Actualized. A person can very well locate his motivational forces after recognizing which level he is on.


2) Alderfer’s ERG Theory:

This theory is a thoroughly concentrated form of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory. Here, instead of Maslow’s five stage needs and their corresponding motivational levels, the ERG theory is condensed into just three stages: Existence Needs, Relatedness Needs and Growth Needs.

Existence Needs is a compilation of the first two of Maslow’s needs, i.e. Physiological and Safety needs, while Relatedness Needs is a mixture of Maslow’s Social Needs, as well as a hint of his Esteem Needs, and lastly, Growth Needs consist of Maslow’s Esteem and Self-Actualization Needs.

3) David McClelland’s Theory:

David McClelland, with his theory, categorized humans with three basic needs: Need for Power; Need for Affiliation and Need for Achievement.

People with a strong need for power strive for control over others. These individuals have characteristics which include being out-spoken, demanding, practical and authoritative. This category of people are motivated to reach and be at the top, where they can exercise control, authorize and influence other people.

In the category for the type of people who have a need for affiliation, the individuals gain their maximum satisfaction through making and maintaining positive connections with others, and thus, they are constantly motivated to please, be loved and accepted by others, all the while ignoring and dismissing the pain of rejection.

The third category is which has an immense need for achievement. This category of people are calculating and opt for taking minimum risk, as it could hinder with their scale of achievement; they give their tasks their maximum and are often observed craving for immediate feedbacks. These individuals are so immensely motivated for achievement that their main aim is the satisfaction of the need rather than the by-product of the completion of the task, i.e. payment, etc.


4) Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory:

This theory, presented by Fredrick Herzberg, deals with workplace motivation. Herzberg aimed to theorize exactly what motivated employees and he found two factors: Maintenance or Hygiene factor, and Motivational factor. Due to this, the theory is also known as the Two-Factor Theory.

Hygiene are those factors which are related to the conditions in which a job has to be preformed. They most commonly include salary, job security, decent working conditions, benefits, company policies, etc. Absence of these factors create dissatisfaction, and the individual works to get them back, however, their presence is only a sort-term motivation fix.

Motivational Factors’ presence creates a long-lasting and positive motivation in employees. It includes six factors: Recognition, advancement, achievement, the work itself and the possibility of growth and responsibility.


Process Theories of Motivation:

Process theories deal with how motivation occurs in individuals, and here they are as follows:


1) Vroom’s Expectancy Theory:

Expectancy Theory can be said to be based on a person’s perception and conscious choices. Vroom stated that motivation results from three variables: Expectancy, Instrumentality and Valance.

Expectancy is a belief of a person that high effort leads to a better performance. Expectancy is affected by factors such as having the right material, skills and support for the job, etc.

Instrumentality is the belief for reward after the completion of the task. It is also dependent on factors like a clear understanding between the reward and means/rules to attaining it, as well as the transparency of the process, etc.

Valance is the individual’s personal importance of the reward or outcome. If the importance is higher, then there will be a higher motivation.


2) Adam’s Equity Theory:

This theory basically states that a person is most motivated when he feels that there is an equity between his performance/input and his reward/output. Three are three types of exchange relationships:

Overpaid Inequity is when the the output is more than the input.

Underpaid Inequity is when the input is more than the output. This is the most demotivating.

Equity is when the input is equal to that of the output, and here, motivation can be observed in it’s maximum.


3) Reinforcement Theory:

Or Operant Conditioning, states that individuals are likely to repeat a behavior that will bring about a desirable outcome, and refrain from those which bring forward undesirable outcomes. It includes two types of outcomes:

The first is Reinforcement. It is of two types: Positive and Negative. Positive Reinforcement refers to rewarding an individual, while Negative refers to taking away something undesirable, when the task is achieved.

The second is Punishment which is also of two types: Positive and Negative. Positive Punishment refers to giving something undesirable to the person, while Negative refers to taking something desirable away, if the task is not fulfilled.


4) The Carrot and Stick Approach:

This theory is a traditional one. In essence, it states to reward the individual at performance and give punishments in case of non-performance. However, the punishment has several conditions: It is only effective if the individual then selects the alternative desirable behavior; Punishment should be given at the time of non-performance.


Finally, now as we know exactly how we are motivated, we can apply these theories to our benefit and perhaps, we will succeed in not yielding to the temptation that is the living-room couch.


Low Self Esteem: Signs, Causes, and Fixes

Low self esteem, is a phrase that we hear too often in our surroundings. But to fully understand its principle, we need to first comprehend, what is self esteem?

Self esteem, by definition, means “a person’s overall subjective emotional evaluation of his or her own worth. It is a judgment of oneself as well as an attitude.”

New job, new people, new environment and all of a sudden it hits you that you’re maybe not good enough? Sounds familiar?

More often than not, everyone goes through this feeling, but how you deal with it, is what sets you apart from the rest.

How you deal with it, is when you realize whether or not you have low self esteem. One person goes in, all guns blazing and becomes the life of the party but then another person would be quiet, introverted, more to themselves, thinking they are not good enough and simply second guessing their every thought and every move. The latter person is what we call a classic case of low self-esteem.

A person’s self esteem is built throughout their life. From the first social interaction with parents to the on-going individuals that enter in every one’s life.

Every single person or moment has an impact in shaping how one’s self esteem turns out to be. This is the reason why it’s significant to foster a child’s self esteem very early on embodying confidence and positivity.


How Do You Identify Low Self Esteem?

Now the question is, how do you identify low self esteem?

Self esteem is the state of self awareness of one’s strengths and weaknesses. Accepting them for what they are and being content and satisfied with what you can achieve, is positive/high self esteem.

If an individual decides to take on a project but focuses all their energies on being stressed and concerned about how they might not have the perfect skills to complete the task; that is low self esteem.

The idea is what are you putting the focus on. Is it on how you are not good enough or how you decide to achieve the end goal to the best of your abilities.

There’s a fine line between accepting and obsessing over your weaknesses and that is what differentiates high self esteem from low.

Maybe the outcome was actually perfect but the focus remains on how in one’s own head it still could’ve been better.


Signs of Low Self Esteem

Below are some signs of low self esteem based on Morris Rosenberg’s research:

  1. Social withdrawal
  2. Excessive focus on problems or negativity
  3. Sensitive towards criticism
  4. Negative thoughts
  5. Absence of assertiveness
  6. Indecisive behavior
  7. Inability to accept compliments
  8. Self neglect
  9. Exaggerated thoughts of others’ perceptions in one’s own head
  10. Physical symptoms such as fatigue, insomnia and headaches
  11. What happened that caused this low self esteem?


The one underlying factor in all causes of low self esteem is the exposure to negativity. The varying intensities of pessimism is what ultimately leads to one second guessing themselves in life.



This also depends on which phase of one’s life were they exposed to that negativity as well as how long. Were they a child, teenager or adult and how long was it an ongoing distress?

Depending on the duration and phase, one absorbs and reacts accordingly and consequently impacts on the intensity of low self esteem.


Causes of Self Esteem

Below are some of the situations where low self esteem can be caused:

  • Condemning and harsh guardians
  • Uninvolved caregivers
  • Constant hostility in surroundings (home / school / work)
  • Beliefs stemming from religious or moral values reinforcing your guilt / shame
  • Bullying
  • Educational challenges without positive support
  • Trauma – Physical, sexual or emotional
  • Judgmental and stereotypical notions encouraged by society and media


Self Esteem Building Activities

So, if I do have low self esteem, what can I do to alleviate it?


There are a number of self esteem activities you can do to regain your self esteem and build your confidence



Classical Conditioning: An In-depth Overview

Classical conditioning is among the most primary concepts that’s explained in psychology. Most folks are aware that classical conditioning revolves around associative learning whereas others are familiar with Pavlov’s famous dog experiment.

In this guide, we’ll be providing you an in-depth overview of classical conditioning and what it’s all about.

What is Classical Conditioning?

How do we define classical conditioning?

Classical conditioning is a process that involves learning a new behavior through association. Basically, it occurs when two stimuli (a neutral and unconditioned stimulus) are linked to create a learned response. This process undergoes three stages that we will be discussing later in this guide. The term was discovered by Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov which later contributed to various aspects of behaviorism in psychology.

For instance, if a kid is regularly bullied in school, he/she may begin to associate the school with fear. This may also cause the student’s performance to hinder, causing him/her to develop a disliking towards certain subjects. A similar response may be evoked if the child is humiliated by a teacher or teased by their peers.

This is a learned behavior that they have picked up from experience. What’s important to understand is that classical conditioning does not involve voluntary behavior and instead focuses on reflexive or automatic responses.

Classical Conditioning: Key Terms to Understand

Since this is an in-depth guide, we’ll be using some complex terminologies that are associated with classical conditioning. Here are some key terms that you must know about:

Stimulus – Anything that evokes a response or affects behavior.

Response – Behavior that’s caused because of the stimulus.

Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) – A natural stimulus that prompts an unconditioned response similar to a natural reflex action. An unconditioned stimulus naturally triggers a response. For instance, when you look at your favorite food, you may immediately start to feel hungry. In this case, the sight of food is the unconditioned stimulus.

Conditioned Stimulus (CS) – A stimulus that has an effect because of its association with an unconditioned stimulus.

Conditioned Response (CR) – Behavior that is elicited by a conditioned stimulus.

Unconditioned Response (UCR) – This is a kind of response that naturally occurs because of an unconditioned stimulus. For instance, feeling hunger at the sight of food is an unconditioned response.

Classical Conditioning: Step by Step Explanation

As mentioned earlier, classical conditioning is the association between two stimuli which leads to a learned response. The elaborate process has three primary steps:

Step 1: Prior Conditioning

The classical conditioning process cannot be initiated without a naturally occurring stimulus that’ll produce some kind of response. For instance, salivation is a natural response to the sight of food which is the stimulus in this condition.

In this primary phase, the unconditioned stimulus leads to an unconditioned response. It should be noted that a neutral stimulus is also present which does not produce an effect at this stage. A response is only evoked when a UCS is paired with the neutral stimulus.

Step 2: During Conditioning

This is the actual classical conditioning phase in which the neutral response is continuously exposed to the unconditioned stimulus. This pairing creates an association between the UCS and neutral stimulus.

After this stage, the neutral stimulus is transformed into a conditioned stimulus (CS) as the subject is now conditioned to evoke a response to this stimulus. In the later stages, this CS was given rise to a conditioned response.

For better clarity, let’s dive a little deeper into the example we were discussing before. Suppose the sight of food was followed by the sound of a whistle. Here, the whistle sound may seem totally unrelated but if the same sound is paired with the sight of food multiple times, it will lead to a conditioned response. In this example, the whistle sound is the conditioned stimulus.

Step 3: After Conditioning

After an association is made amongst the UCS and CS, the (previously totally unrelated) unconditioned stimulus will generate a response without an unconditioned stimulus. The end response is termed as the conditioned response (CR).

As mentioned earlier, the CR is a learned response that is evoked by the neural stimulus. In our previous examples, feeling hungry after listening to the sound of the whistle would be considered as a conditioned response.

Classical Conditioning Psychology: Conclusion

We hope this guide has taught you everything you need to know about classical conditioning. Want to learn more, check out our guide for classical conditioning examples. Happy learning!


Self Esteem Activities to Help You Overcome Low Confidence

In a perfect world, everybody would be resilient and confident but this is planet earth and that’s probably why we have self esteem activities.

Don’t worry, though. Nobody is born with limitless so if you see someone who’s incredibly self-assured, it’s probably because they’ve been working on it for years. Living with low self esteem can be damper. If you’re not too careful, it’ll start affecting almost every area of your life, making it nearly impossible for you to enjoy the blessing that life has to offer.

Rest assured, it’s never too late to turn things around. There are activities and exercises that can help you boost self esteem and that’s exactly what we’ll be discussing in this guide.

How to Build Self Esteem

Take charge of your life and work on boosting confidence. Believe it or not but some of the most influential celebrities such Oprah Winfrey and Angelina Jolie battled with low self esteem. But that didn’t stop them from being successful now did they?

Self Esteem Activities to Boost Confidence

Here are a couple of self esteem activities that’ll help you boost confidence:

List Positive Attributes

There’s got to be plenty of things you like about yourself. Start maintaining a positive journal and create a list of your achievements, positive traits, habits or perhaps even compliments you’ve received from others.

The whole idea of this journal is to write down anything that makes you feel good about yourself. Keeping a record of your achievements will help you see how far you’ve come and how much you’ve accomplished. Your list could include pointers like:

  • My boss was very pleased with my performance this month
  • I was able to spend more time with the kids this weekend
  • Today, I started reading a book after a very long time

This exercise will help you create better image of yourself. Plus, it’ll serve as a reminder of how great you are when you’re having bad days.

Visualize Your Best Self

“Men are not prisoners of fate, but only prisoners of their own minds.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt

It might sound far-fetched but visualization is an effective technique to battle low self-esteem and boost confidence. People with low self-confidence have created a poor perception or image of themselves inside their minds. These perceptions are often inaccurate and are based merely on opinions and not facts.

So to battle low self esteem, you’ll need to visualize your best self. Someone who’s confident, fierce and not afraid to achieve their goals. With regular practice, you’ll start to notice positive changes in your overall demeanor.

Help Other People

One of the root causes of low self esteem is assuming that you can’t make a difference or aren’t good enough to make an impact on somebody else’s life. But that’s not true.

There are many ways to help someone. In fact, it’s one of the best self esteem activities to feel better about yourself. Exerting your energies to make somebody else’s life better will help you appreciate and feel grateful for what you have. Not to mention, helping someone brings utter satisfaction and fulfillment that’ll improve your overall well-being.

So take a break from counting your own flaws and weaknesses and help make somebody else’s life better instead. You can do so by volunteering, mentoring, assisting others or simply by teaching or offering guidance to someone. With time, you’ll notice your own self confidence build in the process.

Try Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

As humans, we tend to be the worst critics of ourselves. If you’re finding it difficult to shut down all those negative thoughts, we suggest you give cognitive behavioral therapy a go. This useful form of therapy will help you question your inner critic that often projects inaccurate negative assumptions about yourself.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has proven to be effective at boosting confidence and improving self-esteem. For instance, if you constantly think of yourself as a failure, CBT will urge you to ask yourself “What evidence is there to support this claim?” or “What evidence is there to prove that I’m not a failure?”

For this, you may have to get in touch with a counselor or psychologist. Once you’ve gotten the hang of it, you can use these teachings and implement them in your daily life.

Set up Challenges for Yourself

You are capable of so much more than you think. To improve your mental image about yourself, set up challenges that you can actually achieve. Keep in mind, these ought to be realistic goals or else you may find yourself procrastinating or sulking again.

As you start to regain self esteem, you can assign more challenging goals to yourself. What’s important is to keep going and cultivate a better image of yourself inside your head.


We hope you’ve enjoyed reading about the above-mentioned self esteem activities. Do you have some tips and trick on how to boost confidence? Tell us about it in the comment section below!

feelings vs emotions

Feelings vs Emotions: Difference and Examples

Feeling vs Emotions, the battle of these two sensations is an endless one. Although feelings and emotions are entirely different from each other, more or less, we tend to use these words interchangeably to explain the same thing, i.e. how something or someone makes us feel.

Even though, feelings and emotions are closely related, but they are different instances.

Understanding the difference between emotions and feelings is very important, because as it can help a person change their unhealthy behaviour and relationships.

It can lead them to find more happiness and peace in life. Let’s dive in to see see how they differ.




Feelings vs Emotions: What’s the Difference?

Emotions are mainly about dealing with conscious thoughts, reasoning, and decision making. It can be either be fear, love, rage, sadness, or happiness.

Feelings, on the other hand, are associated with bodily reactions. To simplify what it means – feelings are basically mental (or bodily) reactions to emotions.

It includes taste, hears, and smell etc. Two people can feel the same emotion and describe it with different words, but one person can handle a particular thing, where as the other person can’t.


Example#1 – Physical vs Instinctive Sensation

Let’s start with a visualization technique to explain the difference between emotions and feelings.

Imagine, it’s summer time, and you’re standing directly under the scorching sun. Your body and clothes are sweaty and you smell horrible due to all that sweat. And let’s assume you’re extremely irritated as an outcome of this scenario.

Now, you’re “feeling” the sun burning your face, and the horrible body odour. So the burning of the skin and the bad odour, are feelings. Whereas, the irritated mood as an outcome, is the emotion.

So more of a cause and an effect relationship most of the times. A certain feeling, if acknowledged, turns into an emotion.


Example#2 – Bitterness vs Anger

In another example, imagine that you are in a zoo with your family.

You see a lion behind bars, and your feelings may range from curiosity to admiration or bitterness if you believe lions should never be caged.

Therefore, you get sad or angry at the government, or the zoo management, who put the animals behind those bars. Being sad, and angry are two emotions as an outcome of the feelings.


Example#3 – Obligations vs Likes And Dislikes

Sometimes, you have to live in a place or deal with situation that you do not like; primarily because it is against your beliefs, or does not fall within your jurisdiction. Let’s consider, the society we live in.

Some of us do not like the community, we are living in, but we have to deal with it despite our likes and dislikes.

In this scenario, the feeling tells us if we’re comfortable with it or not; but that translates into emotion of whether we like or dislike something.

Cause and effect relationship, again.



Example #5 – Worry vs Fear

I would like to create another scenario of feelings vs emotions: anxiety and fear. Suppose, you’re travelling alone at midnight, and there is no one around you. And it’s pitch dark. So dark, that you can’t see anything. And the road you’re driving down on is notorious for having people robbed by unknown gangs.

You feel worried about whether you’ll be able to reach safely to your destination or not. Deep down inside, you’re worry translates into an emotion of fear: you’re afraid of what you might face ahead.

To worry is a feeling, that leads to fear-fullness – that’s is an emotion.


Keep a Balance Between Your Feelings vs Emotions

In many cases, when people are being told what they should do or what they should feel, their feelings dictate that their emotions should matter.



When they start prioritizing their opinions, the beliefs indicate that the external world matters more. This teaches us to have a balance between our feelings and emotions.


Feelings are Substantial, Whereas Emotions are Temporary

Feelings are low-key and sustainable whereas emotions are intense but temporary. For example, you get the first prize in almost all the races in a racing competition, and you feel happy.

You will remain content for the next whole week because you won many trophies, but the joy you felt will be temporary, as in only at the moment.

Happiness is a feeling and joy is an emotion.


Long-Term Vs Immediate Survival

Feelings state whether you’re going the right way or the wrong one; but the emotions make you realize that there are good and bad actions.

Moreover, attitudes ensure the long-term survival of self, and the feelings ensure immediate survival of the mind and body.


Conclusion: Control Your Feelings to Keep Your Emotions Intact

After getting a better understanding of what is the difference between feelings vs emotions, you should learn to embrace your feelings fully and express them; but make sure you do it moderately.

Don’t start labelling your feelings. Try to remove the narrative and instead, focus on the actions you believe in.

If you want to change your opinions, you should get to know yourself better. Know what makes you happy or sad. To live a healthy life, you should learn to deal with the physical sensations as well.


20+ Insightful Carl Jung Quotes to Make You Ponder

Carl Jung deeply supported Freud, since they shared similar interests in unconsciousness, just like him. Jung was an active member of the Wednesday Psychological Society, currently known as Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. Requested by Freud, Carl Jung became the president of International Psychoanalytic Society when it was formed in 1910.

Moreover, in 1912, Jung criticized Freud’s theory of Oedipus complex and infantile sexuality during a lecture tour of America. This incident developed a conflict between the two, splitting them beyond repair. After this, Jung developed his own version of the psychoanalytic theory.

Most of his assumptions related to his analytical psychology make his differences with Freud very evident. For instance, Jung agreed to the fact emphasized on by Freud that one’s childhood and past deeply determine his behavior in future, and also that all individuals are shaped by their future aspirations.


Jungian Psychology

Jung observed those areas of the mind that comprise of psyche. The way they influenced each other in. He proved a difference between our persona- the image we present to the world of ourselves with our shadow which may consist of repressed thoughts and hidden anxieties.

He also proved a relationship between collective unconsciousness and personal unconsciousness. Personal unconsciousness comprises of a person’s personal ideas and memories. However, collective unconsciousness is a set of ideas and memories, shared among all of humanity.

Described as archetypes by Jung, shared concepts permeate our collective unconsciousness and evolve as characters and themes in our dreams.

Jung believed that internal conflicts can be created if there is a difference between one’s thoughts in personal subconscious and conscious. Jung claimed that these internal conflicts can be resolved, by letting repressed ideas emerge, instead of destroying them. Thus, giving rise to internal harmony through “individualization”.

In this article, we will not only look at the psychoanalysis theories and his archetypes, but also Carl Jung’s quotes that would make you ponder over a lot of things. Let us see how modern psychology has been influenced by his ideas.

Jungian Archetypes

Archetypes are basically thoughts and images that have a universal meaning across several cultures, showing up in dreams, art, literature and religion.

Jung strongly emphasizes on the fact that symbols of different cultures are mostly similar since they have evolved from archetypes shared by the entire race of humans. According to Jung, one’s past is primitively the basis of human psyche. Influencing and directing personal behavior. Jung identified several archetypes but paid attention to only four.


The persona, or let’s say is our face that we show to the world. Concealing our true selves in front of the human race, is described as “Conformity” by Jung. A disguise that we show in front of others, which is completely different from who we truly are.

Anima/ Animus

A mirror image of our sex that is defined biologically. Elaborating it further, it is the unconscious feminine side of a male, and the masculine side of a female. These sexes manifests ones behavior and attitude, for the two species have been living together for several centuries. Animus- psyche of a woman containing masculinity. Anima- male psyche containing female aspects.


The animal side of every individual’s personality. The source of both our creativity and destruction. It may be that this theory of Jung’s might reflect predispositions, which once survived in line with the evolutionary theory.


Then there is self which gives us the sense of unity in experience. According to Jung, every person’s aim is to achieve a state of self-hood ultimately. Respecting this, he is moving towards the direction of human orientation.

Well, these would be very evident if you go through Carl Jung’s Quotes. For Carl Jung’s Quotes are basically a reflection of his theories.

Following are a few Carl Jung Quotes

Carl Jung Quotes

These insightful Carl Jung quotes would make you think intellectually

Inspirational Carl Jung Quotes

The privilege of a lifetime is to become who you truly are.

I am not what happened to me, I am what I choose to become.

Where wisdom reigns, there is no conflict between thinking and feeling.

Wholeness is not achieved by cutting off a portion of one’s being, but by integration of the contraries.

The creation of something new is not accomplished by the intellect but by the play instinct acting from inner necessity. The creative mind plays with the objects it loves.

Often the hands will solve a mystery that the intellect has struggled with in vain.

It all depends on how we look at things, and not on how things are in themselves. The least of things with a meaning is worth more in life than the greatest of things without it.

Every form of addiction is bad, no matter whether the narcotic be alcohol, morphine or idealism.

Your visions will become clear only when you can look into your own heart. Who looks outside, dreams; who looks inside, awakes.

Insightful Carl Jung Quotes

Everything that irritates us about others can lead us to an understanding of ourselves.

Neurosis is always a substitute for legitimate suffering.

The reason for evil in the world is that people are not able to tell their stories.

Until you make the unconscious conscious, it will direct your life and you will call it fate.

The healthy man does not torture others – generally it is the tortured who turn into torturers.

Nothing has a stronger influence psychologically on their environment and especially on their children than the unlived life of the parent.

Midlife is the time to let go of an over dominant ego and to contemplate the deeper significance of human existence.

Intuition does not denote something contrary to reason, but something outside of the province of reason.

The shoe that fits one person pinches another; there is no recipe for living that suits all cases.

The highest, most decisive experience is to be alone with one’s own self. You must be alone to find out what supports you, when you find that you can not support yourself. Only this experience can give you an indestructible foundation.

Faith, hope, love, and insight are the highest achievements of human effort. They are found -given- by experience.

The greatest tragedy of the family is the unlived lives of the parents.

Where love rules, there is no will to power, and where power predominates, love is lacking. The one is the shadow of the other.

The first half of life is devoted to forming a healthy ego, the second half is going inward and letting go of it.

I shall not commit the fashionable stupidity of regarding everything I cannot explain as a fraud.

If one does not understand a person, one tends to regard him as a fool.

Children are educated by what the grown-up is and not by his talk.

Knowing your own darkness is the best method for dealing with the darknesses of other people.

Loneliness does not come from having no people about one, but from being unable to communicate the things that seem important to oneself, or from holding certain views which others find inadmissible.

In each of us there is another whom we do not know.

Whatever is rejected from the self, appears in the world as an event.

The meeting of two personalities is like the contact of two chemical substances: if there is any reaction, both are transformed.

Spiritual Carl Jung Quotes

The best political, social, and spiritual work we can do is to withdraw the projection of our shadow onto others

The gods have become our diseases.

I am no longer alone with myself, and I can only artificially recall the scary and beautiful feeling of solitude. This is the shadow side of the fortune of love.

Nobody can fall so low unless he has a great depth. If such a thing can happen to a man, it challenges his best and highest on the other side; that is to say, this depth corresponds to a potential height, and the blackest darkness to a hidden light.

Explore daily the will of God.

With a truly tragic delusion, these theologians fail to see that it is not a matter of proving the existence of the light, but of blind people who do not know that their eyes could see. It is high time we realized that it is pointless to praise the light and preach it if nobody can see it. It is much more needful to teach people the art of seeing.

The majority of my patients consisted not of believers but of those who had lost their faith.

There are as many nights as days, and the one is just as long as the other in the year’s course. Even a happy life cannot be without a measure of darkness, and the word ‘happy’ would lose its meaning if it were not balanced by sadness.

Your visions will become clear only when you can look into your own heart. Who looks outside, dreams; who looks inside, awakes.

Your visions will become clear only when you can look into your own heart. Who looks outside, dreams; who looks inside, awakes.

personal development plan

Step-By-Step Personal Development Plan For Self Growth

Many people today are struggling with various personal issues due to different reasons. This is affecting not only your everyday life, but also leaves a long-term impact on your overall nature and how you behave with others. If you want a self-growth, you need to follow the personal development plan mentioned below and get your life going in a much peaceful manner.

Be Clear

When it comes down to work or anything else, stay specific and precise. Don’t make vague statements which may have multiple meanings. Try your best to keep clear in giving and obeying instructions from others. Neither less, nor more. How will this help? You would not feel overburdened neither will you wait for a lazy person anymore. Try to have a look at details if you are confused. Once you are all clear from your mind, you are good to go.

Find Out Your Hidden Talent

Most of the people are often frustrated because they feel they are unable to do something. They think that they are too bored and have nothing to do. Stop feeling that you are useless. Everyone has a purpose. More than that, you should look where your interest is taking you. No, not just sitting home and playing games. It includes external activities or maybe any other habits. This is an essential element of the personal development plan.


Have you too much work to do? No worries. Sit back. Write down everything how you need to do it and when you need to do it. Categorize the list in ascending order. We guarantee you that this will help you in doing those tasks better. Once done, you can cut down that task and move to the next one. Prioritizing will help you sort out your life matters as well as work matters.

Make Time For Yourself

A big problem with many people is that they don’t make time for themselves. Stop doing that. Take breaks. Taking breaks relieves your stress and helps you to work even better after the break. Consistent work is not as much efficient as the one is with tears. This is one of the essential parts of the personal development plan that will lead to self-growth, and you will face fewer issues in practical life.

Help Others – Receive Help

Yes! To achieve a better personality, you must help others. By helping others, you will feel a good sense of satisfaction and comfort. Personal development takes place when you don’t have a lot of ego or attitude built inside you, and you are happy to help others just like you want it yourself.

Avoid Negative Self-Talk

Another one of the most important things to do is to avoid negative self-talk. This leads to increasing frustration and demotivation. If you want personal development, you must stop the negative talk with immediate effect. If you are angry, go out for a walk along with some music. Trust me; you will get better.


If you want a good personality, then you must follow this personality development plan. This will bring out positive results for you within days. We hope that you can be a better person soon.